R&D Activities Survey 2015 Results Are Announced
According to the results of R&D Activities Survey 2015 conducted by TurkStat, R&D Expenditures (GERD) in Turkey increased by 7% compared to the previous year and reached to 16.2 billion PPP$ in 2015. The share of GERD in GDP was 1.06%, total number of full time equivalent (FTE) R&D personnel was 122 thousand and FTE researchers was 95 thousand in 2015.
Gross Domestic Expenditures on Research and Development (GERD)
According to the survey results in public sector, foundation universities and business enterprise sector and calculations based on higher education sector registers for state universities, gross domestic expenditure on research and development (GERD) increased in Turkey in 2015 compared to the previous year by 7% and reached to 16.2 billion PPP$. In Turkey, share of GERD in GDP was 1.06% in 2015.
GERD by Performing and Funding Sectors
Share of business enterprises sector in total R&D expenditure increased by 50%. This sector was followed by higher education sector by 39.7% and public sector by 10.3% respectively.
R&D expenditure was financed by business enterprises by 50.1% in 2015. This financier was followed by government sector by 27.6%, higher education sector by 18.1%, other national sources by 3.2% and foreign funds by 1.1% respectively.
Number of R&D Personnel
Total number of FTE R&D personnel was 122 thousand and FTE researchers was 95 thousand in 2015. Regarding FTE R&D personnel distribution by sectors, 54.5% was employed in business enterprise sector, 35.4% was employed in higher education sector and 10.1% was employed in government sector in 2015.
Detailed information can be obtained from TurkStat website
Updated R&D indicators can be found on TÜBİTAK Department of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy website.