According to the results of R&D Activities Survey 2010 conducted by TurkStat, R&D Expenditures (GERD) in Turkey increased by 14.6% compared to the previous year and reached to 9,268 Million TL in 2010. The share of GERD in GDP was 0.84%, total number of full time equivalent (FTE) R&D personnel was 81,792 and FTE researchers was 64,341 in 2010.
Gross Domestic Expenditure on Research and Development (GERD)
According to the survey results in public sector, foundation universities and business enterprise sector and calculations based on higher education sector registers for state universities, GERD in Turkey increased by 14.6% compared to the previous year and reached to 9,268 Million TL in 2010. Share of GERD in GDP was 0.84% in 2010.
GERD by Performing and Funding Sectors
In 2010, 46.0% of R&D expenditure was performed by higher education sector, 42.5% by business enterprise sector and 11.4% by government sector.
Analyzing the sectors financing R&D expenditure, 45.1% financed by business enterprise sector, 30.8% by government sector, 19.6% by higher education sector, 3.7% by other national sources and 0.8% by foreign funds in 2010.
Number of R&D Personnel
Total number of FTE R&D personnel was 81,792 and FTE researchers was 64,341 in 2010. Annual increase in FTE R&D personnel was 11.3% compared to the previous year. Regarding FTE R&D personnel distribution by sectors, 40.2% was employed in higher education sector, 45.9% was employed in business enterprise sector, and 13.9% was employed in government sector in 2010.
Total number of FTE R&D personnel and researchers per ten thousand employed persons was 36 and 28 respectively in 2010.
Regional Distribution of R&D Expenditures and R&D Personnel
R&D Activities Survey results were given by Classification of Statistical Regions (SR) Level-1 for the first time by TurkStat.
According to SR Level-1, R&D expenditure in 2010 was the highest in TR5 West Anatolia with 31.7%. This region was followed by TR4 East Marmara with 20% and TR1 Istanbul with 17.9 %.
Considering R&D personnel, TR5 West Anatolia with 25.8% ranked the first. This region was followed by TR1 Istanbul with 21.8% and TR4 East Marmara with 14.7%.
Detailed information can be found on TurkStat website.
Updated R&D indicators can be found on TÜBİTAK Department of Science, Technology and Innovation website.